The Peruvian Andes form the backbone of the country. They are bounded by the Pacific coast in the southwest and the Amazon Basin in the northeast, two areas standing in sharp contrast to each other. Even though the Andes are strongly connected to the forelands in their outer parts, they also display their very individual features, almost decoupled from the rest of the world. This is particularly the case in Boliva, northern Chile and Argentina, and southern Peru. But what makes the Andes so special here, what makes them different from other parts such as the Cordillera Blanca or the Andes of southern Patagonia? This contribution provides an overview of the broad patterns of geology, climate, geomorphology, and vegetation of the southern Peruvian Andes, linking to the contributions on the specific sites where more detailed pieces of information are provided.
The diversity of southern Peruvian landscapes
This lake is the highest navigable water body on earth. It contains some inhabited islands.
Grab the photo by holding the symbol near the upper left corner, and drag the symbol into the corresponding circle in the map.